Once we left Belo Horizonte the topography became hillier. It was amazing. There is nothing flat in this part of Brazil. You can see mines (iron ore) in almost every direction you look. It was great to be out of the city to see the rural area. The town of Ouro Preto (Portuguese for black gold) came into being all due to mining – gold mining from 1711-1888 (when the slaves were freed). A lot of gold was used in the churches located in town.
We toured 3 churches. At each of the three churches an English speaking guide showed up – otherwise we would have missed a lot of information. At one point they gave us time to eat lunch. We picked up something light so we had time to see more of this very mountainous town. Walking was not the easiest – over cobbled stone streets or up and down steps. I don’t know what handicapped people do in this part of Brazil (even Belo Horizonte)
|San Francisco de Assis Church|
|Close-up above the door|
|Ceiling Painting on Wood|
|Cemetery beside the Church|
|N. S. do Pilar Church|
|Interior of the Pilar Church|
|Ceiling of the Church|
|Nearby Craft Market|
|Views of Ouro Preto|
|N. S. do Carmo|
|Views of Ouro Preto|
|Very Steep Street|
|Other Churches in Ouro Preto|
After lunch we toured part of a gold mine. The story of African slaves working in gold mines is horrific. They were definitely not treated as human beings and their living conditions were horrible. Mining operations in Brazil went on for years. The gold was shipped back to Portugal (the mother country); however most of the gold ended up in England. Portugal used the gold to pay their debts to England!
Our next stop was the town of Marianna where we toured another church. We were not allowed to take any photos in any of the churches – will need to get photos from the internet. The artist used a lot of local soapstone for elaborate carvings. The wooden ceilings were all painted – some by an artist considered the Michelangelo of South America.
|Marianna Cathedral Basilica da Se|
|Marianna City Square|
|N. S. do Carmo (left) and San Francisco (right)|
|N.S. do carmo|
By the time we left Marianna it was dusk and we had the 1 ½ hour drive back to Belo. After returning to the apartment we quickly showered and changed clothes as we were going with our host to a birthday party for a sister-in-law (the gal who hosted us Monday morning). We again met all the friends we had met on Saturday night plus a few more. These Brazilians are so generous with their hospitality.